Highly Efficient Near-IR Photoluminescence of Er3+ Immobilized in Mesoporous SBA-15
1 Department of Electronic Engineering, East China Normal University, 500 Dongchuan Road, Shanghai, 200241, China
2 Shanghai Key Laboratory of Green Chemistry and Chemical Processes, East China Normal University, 500 Dongchuan Road, Shanghai, 200241, China
Nanoscale Research Letters 2010, 5:1952-1961 doi:10.1007/s11671-010-9732-9Published: 24 August 2010
SiO2 mesoporous molecular sieve SBA-15 with the incorporation of erbium ions is studied as a novel type of nanoscopic composite photoluminescent material in this paper. To enhance the photoluminescence efficiency, two schemes have been used for the incorporation of Er3+ where (1) Er3+ is ligated with bis-(perfluoromethylsulfonyl)-aminate (PMS) forming Er(PMS)x-SBA-15 and (2) Yb3+ is codoped with Er3+ forming Yb-Er-SBA-15. As high as 11.17 × 10−21cm2 of fluorescent cross section at 1534 nm and 88 nm of “effective bandwidth” have been gained. It is a 29.3% boost in fluorescent cross section compared to what has been obtained in conventional silica. The upconversion coefficient in Yb-Er-SBA-15 is relatively small compared to that in other ordinary glass hosts. The increased fluorescent cross section and lowered upconversion coefficient could benefit for the high-gain optical amplifier. Finally, the Judd–Ofelt theory has also been used for the analyses of the optical spectra of Er(PMS)x-SBA-15.