SpringerOpen Newsletter

Receive periodic news and updates relating to SpringerOpen.

Open Access Nano Express

Ultraviolet Laser Action in Ferromagnetic Zn1−xFexO Nanoneedles

HY Yang1*, SF Yu1, SP Lau2, TS Herng1 and M Tanemura3

Author affiliations

1 School of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Nanyang Technological University, Nanyang, 639798, Singapore

2 Department of Applied Physics, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hung Hom, Kowloon, Hong Kong

3 Graduate School of Engineering, Nagoya Institute of Technology, Gokiso-Cho, Showa-Ku, Nagoya, 466-8555, Japan

For all author emails, please log on.

Citation and License

Nanoscale Research Letters 2009, 5:247-251  doi:10.1007/s11671-009-9473-9

Published: 1 November 2009

Abstract

Fe-doped ZnO nanoneedles (NDs) were fabricated by an Ar+ ion sputtering technique operated at room temperature. The as-grown samples show both ferromagnetic and lasing properties. The saturated magnetization moment was measured from 0.307 to 0.659 emu cm−3 at the field of 10 kOe with various Fe concentrations. Intense ultraviolet random lasing emission was observed from Zn1 − xFexO NDs at room temperature. The X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy result reveals that the doped Fe atoms occupy the Zn sites and lead to a decrease in oxygen deficiency.

Keywords:
Zn1 − xFexO; Nanoneedles; Ferromagnetic; Random lasing; Ion beam