Open Access Nano Express

Facile Synthesis of Ternary Boron Carbonitride Nanotubes

Lijie Luo, Libin Mo, Zhangfa Tong and Yongjun Chen*

Author affiliations

School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Guangxi University, Nanning, 530004, China

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Citation and License

Nanoscale Research Letters 2009, 4:834-838  doi:10.1007/s11671-009-9325-7

Published: 5 May 2009

Abstract

In this study, a novel and facile approach for the synthesis of ternary boron carbonitride (B–C–N) nanotubes was reported. Growth occurred by heating simple starting materials of boron powder, zinc oxide powder, and ethanol absolute at 1150 °C under a mixture gas flow of nitrogen and hydrogen. As substrate, commercial stainless steel foil with a typical thickness of 0.05 mm played an additional role of catalyst during the growth of nanotubes. The nanotubes were characterized by SEM, TEM, EDX, and EELS. The results indicate that the synthesized B–C–N nanotubes exhibit a bamboo-like morphology and B, C, and N elements are homogeneously distributed in the nanotubes. A catalyzed vapor–liquid–solid (VLS) mechanism was proposed for the growth of the nanotubes.

Keywords:
B–C–N nanotubes; Synthesis; Stainless steel foil; Characterization; VLS model