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Open Access Nano Review

Advances and Prospect of Nanotechnology in Stem Cells

Zheng Wang1, Jing Ruan2 and Daxiang Cui2*

Author Affiliations

1 Stem Cell Research Laboratory, Shanghai Institute of Digestive Disease, Renji Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, 20001, China

2 Department of Bio-Nano-Science and Engineering, National Key Laboratory of Nano/Micro Fabrication Technology, Key Laboratory for Thin Film and Microfabrication of Ministry of Education, Institute of Micro-Nano Science and Technology, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, 200240, China

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Nanoscale Research Letters 2009, 4:593-605  doi:10.1007/s11671-009-9292-z

Published: 21 March 2009

Abstract

In recent years, stem cell nanotechnology has emerged as a new exciting field. Theoretical and experimental studies of interaction between nanomaterials or nanostructures and stem cells have made great advances. The importance of nanomaterials, nanostructures, and nanotechnology to the fundamental developments in stem cells-based therapies for injuries and degenerative diseases has been recognized. In particular, the effects of structure and properties of nanomaterials on the proliferation and differentiation of stem cells have become a new interdisciplinary frontier in regeneration medicine and material science. Here we review some of the main advances in this field over the past few years, explore the application prospects, and discuss the issues, approaches and challenges, with the aim of improving application of nanotechnology in the stem cells research and development.

Keywords:
Nanomaterials; Nanostructure; Nanotechnology; Stem cells; Regeneration medicine