Open Access Nano Express

A Temperature Window for the Synthesis of Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes by Catalytic Chemical Vapor Deposition of CH4over Mo2-Fe10/MgO Catalyst

Ouyang Yu*, Li Daoyong, Cao Weiran, Shi Shaohua and Chen Li

Author Affiliations

Lab for Nano-functional Materials, Lin Yi Normal University, Shandong, 276005, China

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Nanoscale Research Letters 2009, 4:574-577  doi:10.1007/s11671-009-9284-z

Published: 4 March 2009

Abstract

A temperature window for the synthesis of single-walled carbon nanotubes by catalytic chemical vapor deposition of CH4over Mo2-Fe10/MgO catalyst has been studied by Raman spectroscopy. The results showed that when the temperature is lower than 750 °C, there were few SWCNTs formed, and when the temperature is higher than 950 °C, mass amorphous carbons were formed in the SWCNTs bundles due to the self-decomposition of CH4. The temperature window of SWCNTs efficient growth is between 800 and 950 °C, and the optimum growth temperature is about 900 °C. These results were supported by transmission electron microscope images of samples formed under different temperatures. The temperature window is important for large-scale production of SWCNTs by catalytic chemical vapor deposition method.

Keywords:
Single-walled carbon nanotubes; Catalytic chemical vapor deposition; Raman spectroscopy