Open Access Nano Express

Self-Assembled 3D Flower-Like Hierarchical β-Ni(OH)2Hollow Architectures and their In Situ Thermal Conversion to NiO

Lu-Ping Zhu12*, Gui-Hong Liao2, Yang Yang2, Hong-Mei Xiao2, Ji-Fen Wang1 and Shao-Yun Fu2

Author Affiliations

1 School of Urban Development and Environmental Engineering, Shanghai Second Polytechnic University, Shanghai, 201209, China

2 Technical Institute of Physics and Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100190, China

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Nanoscale Research Letters 2009, 4:550-557  doi:10.1007/s11671-009-9279-9

Published: 27 February 2009

Abstract

Three-dimensional (3D) flower-like hierarchicalβ-Ni(OH)2hollow architectures were synthesized by a facile hydrothermal route. The as-obtained products were well characterized by XRD, SEM, TEM (HRTEM), SAED, and DSC-TGA. It was shown that the 3D flower-like hierarchicalβ-Ni(OH)2hollow architectures with a diameter of several micrometers are assembled from nanosheets with a thickness of 10–20 nm and a width of 0.5–2.5 μm. A rational mechanism of formation was proposed on the basis of a range of contrasting experiments. 3D flower-like hierarchical NiO hollow architectures with porous structure were obtained after thermal decomposition at appropriate temperatures. UV–Vis spectra reveal that the band gap of the as-synthesized NiO samples was about 3.57 eV, exhibiting obviously red shift compared with the bulk counterpart.

Keywords:
Ni(OH)2; NiO; Hollow architecture; Hydrothermal synthesis