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Magnesium Ferrite (MgFe2O4) Nanostructures Fabricated by Electrospinning

Santi Maensiri12*, Montana Sangmanee12 and Amporn Wiengmoon3

Author Affiliations

1 Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Small & Strong Materials Group (SSMG), Khon Kaen University, Khon Kaen, 40002, Thailand

2 Integrated Nanotechnology Research Center (INRC), Faculty of Science, Khon Kaen University, Khon Kaen, 40002, Thailand

3 Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Naresuan University, Phitsanulok, 65000, Thailand

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Nanoscale Research Letters 2008, 4:221-228  doi:10.1007/s11671-008-9229-y

Published: 16 December 2008

Abstract

Magnesium ferrite (MgFe2O4) nanostructures were successfully fabricated by electrospinning method. X-ray diffraction, FT-IR, scanning electron microscopy, and transmission electron microscopy revealed that calcination of the as-spun MgFe2O4/poly(vinyl pyrrolidone) (PVP) composite nanofibers at 500–800 °C in air for 2 h resulted in well-developed spinel MgFe2O4nanostuctures. The crystal structure and morphology of the nanofibers were influenced by the calcination temperature. Crystallite size of the nanoparticles contained in nanofibers increased from 15 ± 4 to 24 ± 3 nm when calcination temperature was increased from 500 to 800 °C. Room temperature magnetization results showed a ferromagnetic behavior of the calcined MgFe2O4/PVP composite nanofibers, having their specific saturation magnetization (Ms) values of 17.0, 20.7, 25.7, and 31.1 emu/g at 10 Oe for the samples calcined at 500, 600, 700, and 800 °C, respectively. It is found that the increase in the tendency ofMsis consistent with the enhancement of crystallinity, and the values ofMsfor the MgFe2O4samples were observed to increase with increasing crystallite size.

Keywords:
Magnesium ferrite; Nanofibers; Electrospinning; Electron microscopy; X-ray diffraction; Magnetic properties; Nanofabrication