Table 1

Photovoltaic conversion efficiencies (Reprinted with permission from Ref. [9]. Copyright 2007, American Institute of Physics.)
Laboratory best (%) Thermodynamic limit (%)
Single junction 31
Silicon (crystalline) 25
Silicon (nanocrystalline) 10
Gallium arsenide 25
Dye-sensitized 10
Organic 5
Multijunction 32 66
Concentrated sunlight (single junction) 28 41
Carrier multiplication 42

Yu and Chen

Yu and Chen Nanoscale Research Letters 2008 4:1-10   doi:10.1007/s11671-008-9200-y

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