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Open Access Nano Express

Ionic Liquid-assisted Synthesis of Polyaniline/Gold Nanocomposite and Its Biocatalytic Application

Wenrong Yang1*, Jingquan Liu2, Rongkun Zheng1, Zongwen Liu1*, Yun Dai3, Guonan Chen45, Simon Ringer1 and Filip Braet1

Author affiliations

1 Australian Key Centre for Microscopy & Microanalysis, The University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW, 2006, Australia

2 School of Chemical Science and Engineering, The University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW, 2005, Australia

3 School of Chemistry and Biotechnology, Yunnan Institute of Nantionalities, Kunming, Yunan, People’s Republic of China

4 Ministry of Education Key Laboratory of Analysis and Detection for Food Safety, Fuzhou University, Fuzhou, Fujian, 350002, China

5 Department of Chemistry, Fuzhou University, Fuzhou, Fujian, 350002, China

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Citation and License

Nanoscale Research Letters 2008, 3:468-472  doi:10.1007/s11671-008-9182-9

Published: 15 October 2008

Abstract

In this report, a novel chemical synthesis of polyaniline/gold nanocomposite is explored using ionic liquid (IL) 1-Butyl-3-methylimidazolium hexafluorophosphate. The direct chemical synthesis of polyaniline/gold nanocomposite was initiated via the spontaneous oxidation of aniline by AuCl4in IL. A nearly uniform dispersion of polyaniline/Au particles with a diameter of 450 ± 80 nm was produced by this method, which indicates that this method is more suitable for controlling particle dimensions. It was also found that the electrical conductivity of the polyaniline/gold nanocomposite was more than 100 times higher than that of the pure polyaniline nanoparticles. The polyaniline/gold nanocomposite displays superior function in the biocatalytic activation of microperoxidase-11 because of the high surface area of the assembly and the enhanced charge transport properties of the composite material. We also report the possible application of polyaniline/gold nanocomposite as a H2O2biosensor.

Keywords:
Ionic liquid; Nanocomposite; Biocatalytic application