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Open Access Nano Express

Excitonic Transitions and Off-resonant Optical Limiting in CdS Quantum Dots Stabilized in a Synthetic Glue Matrix

PushpaAnn Kurian1, C Vijayan1*, K Sathiyamoorthy1, CS Suchand Sandeep2 and Reji Philip2

Author Affiliations

1 Indian Institute of Technology Madras, Chennai, 600036, India

2 Raman Research Institute, Bangalore, 560080, India

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Nanoscale Research Letters 2007, 2:561-568  doi:10.1007/s11671-007-9099-8

Published: 25 October 2007

Abstract

Stable films containing CdS quantum dots of mean size 3.4 nm embedded in a solid host matrix are prepared using a room temperature chemical route of synthesis. CdS/synthetic glue nanocomposites are characterized using high resolution transmission electron microscopy, infrared spectroscopy, differential scanning calorimetry and thermogravimetric analysis. Significant blue shift from the bulk absorption edge is observed in optical absorption as well as photoacoustic spectra indicating strong quantum confinement. The exciton transitions are better resolved in photoacoustic spectroscopy compared to optical absorption spectroscopy. We assign the first four bands observed in photoacoustic spectroscopy to 1se–1sh, 1pe–1ph, 1de–1dhand 2pe–2phtransitions using a non interacting particle model. Nonlinear absorption studies are done using z-scan technique with nanosecond pulses in the off resonant regime. The origin of optical limiting is predominantly two photon absorption mechanism.

Keywords:
Exciton; Nanomaterials; Optical limiting; Nonlinearity; Photoacoustics