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Synthesis and characterization of Nb2O5@C core-shell nanorods and Nb2O5nanorods by reacting Nb(OEt)5via RAPET (reaction under autogenic pressure at elevated temperatures) technique

PP George, VG Pol and A Gedanken*

Author Affiliations

Department of Chemistry and Kanbar Laboratory for Nanomaterials, Bar-Ilan University Center for Advanced Materials & Nanotechnology, Bar-Ilan University, Ramat-Gan, 52900, Israel

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Nanoscale Research Letters 2006, 2:17-23  doi:10.1007/s11671-006-9023-7

Published: 27 October 2006


The reaction of pentaethoxy niobate, Nb(OEt)5, at elevated temperature (800 °C) under autogenic pressure provides a chemical route to niobium oxide nanorods coated with amorphous carbon. This synthetic approach yielded nanocrystalline particles of Nb2O5@C. As prepared Nb2O5@C core-shell nanorods is annealed under air at 500 °C for 3 h (removing the carbon coating) results in neat Nb2O5nanorods. According to the TEM measurements, the Nb2O5crystals exhibit particle sizes between 25 nm and 100 nm, and the Nb2O5crystals display rod-like shapes without any indication of an amorphous character. The optical band gap of the Nb2O5nanorods was determined by diffuse reflectance spectroscopy (DRS) and was found to be 3.8 eV.

Niobia; Nanoparticles; Core-shell structure; Diffused reflection spectroscopy